Dehradun is the capital city of the Indian state of Uttarakhand, located in the northern part of the country.It is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas in the Doon Valley, nestled between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers. It is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas.
Dehradun is one of the major cities in Uttarakhand and is located in the Garhwal region of the state. It is situated in the Doon Valley at the foothills of the Himalayas, and the Ganges and Yamuna rivers flank it on either side. The city is known for its picturesque landscapes, pleasant climate, and proximity to popular tourist destinations.
Dehradun has historically been an important center for education and is home to institutions like the Indian Military Academy (IMA), Forest Research Institute (FRI), and many prestigious schools. The city serves as a gateway to several tourist destinations in Uttarakhand, including Mussoorie, Rishikesh, and Haridwar.
History of Dehradun
Dehradun, the capital city of the Indian state of Uttarakhand, has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. Here is an overview of the history of Dehradun:
Ancient Period:Dehradun’s history can be traced back to the period of the Mahabharata, one of the major Sanskrit epics of ancient India. It is believed that the area was part of the Kedarkhand (the present-day Garhwal region).
Medieval Period:In the medieval period, Dehradun was a part of the Garhwal Kingdom, which was founded in the 15th century by Ajai Pal. The Garhwal region was ruled by various dynasties, including the Katyuris and the Gurkhas.
Colonial Era:The British East India Company gained control of Dehradun after the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814-1816), also known as the Gurkha War. The Treaty of Sugauli was signed in 1815, which ceded the territory of Dehradun to the British.
Dehradun became an important center for the British during the colonial era. Due to its pleasant climate, it served as a summer retreat for British officials.The Forest Research Institute (FRI) was established in 1878, reflecting the importance of Dehradun in forestry research during the British rule.
Post-Independence Period:After India gained independence in 1947, Dehradun became a part of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Later, in 2000, when the state of Uttarakhand was carved out of Uttar Pradesh, Dehradun became the capital of the new state.Today, Dehradun is not just the political capital but also an educational and administrative hub in Uttarakhand. It is home to various institutions, including the Indian Military Academy (IMA) and the Wildlife Institute of India.
Near Place To Vist
How To Reach
By Air:The nearest airport to Dehradun is Jolly Grant Airport (DED), which is approximately 30 kilometers away.
You can book a flight to Jolly Grant Airport from major cities in India.
After arriving at the airport, you can hire a taxi or use other local transportation to reach Dehradun.
By Train:Dehradun has its own railway station, Dehradun Railway Station (DDN).
Once you arrive at the Dehradun Railway Station, you can hire a taxi or use local transport to reach your destination.
By Road:Dehradun is well-connected by roads, and you can reach there by bus, car, or taxi.
National Highway 7 connects Dehradun to major cities like Delhi, Haridwar, and others.
You can either drive to Dehradun or take a state-run bus or private bus services available from nearby cities.